Are 529 Contributions Tax Deductible?

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Not all 529 plans accept requests to change ownership so first check with your plan. Generally speaking, you don’t want to have money left over in your 529 account once your child graduates from college. If you have a substantial balance in your 529 account, consider tapping the account at the earliest tax-free opportunity. Even if you’ve properly accounted for all qualifying expenses, and withdraw from your 529 account only enough to pay for those expenses, you may end up with a non-qualified distribution.

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Where To Report 529 Contributions?

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  • Beginning in 2018, up to $10,000 per year of 529 plan funds can be used for private, public, or religious elementary, middle, and high school tuition.
  • The IRS will also have a copy and will match these expenses with what you have withdrawn from your 529 account.
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If thebeneficiary is listed as a dependent on this tax return, you will have to complete the Education Expenses interview, including entering the Form 1098-T. The person who receives the funds (whose SSN is on the 1099-Q ) has to report the Form 1099-Q on their tax return. You’ll receive an IRS Form 1099-Q if someone has contributed money to a 529 plan or a Coverdell Education Savings Account and designates you as the beneficiary. The 1099-Q provides three key pieces of information. Box 1 reports your annual distributions or withdrawals from the account.

Use Of 529 Plan Proceeds

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turbotax 529

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Tax Benefit Of 529 Plans

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If at all possible, do not leave this question to the last minute. Family members should be speaking to the parents and discussing how best to use their 529 accounts to help pay for Junior’s college expenses. In some situations, the best solution is for the family members to request that ownership of their 529 accounts be transferred to the parents so that withdrawals can be easily controlled and coordinated.

The second box reports the portion of the distribution that represents the income or earnings of your initial investment. Finally, box 3 reports your basis in the distribution. Essentially, this is the amount of your distribution that relates to original contributions you make to the account. Before you set up one of these plans, you should be aware that two types exist, prepaid tuition plans and college savings plans. Although no deduction is allowed for your contributions to the account, the balance can grow tax free on contributions.

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turbotax 529

The instructions for this form can help walk you through any questions you have. You’ll find Form 5329 and its instructions by visiting and searching for them by number. Expenses related to enrollment or attendance at an eligible postsecondary school.

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Printing or electronically filing your return reflects your satisfaction with TurboTax Online, at which time you will be required to pay or register for the product. For simple tax returns only, file fed and state taxes free, plus get a free expert review with TurboTax Live Basic. Subject to the options available in your specific plan, you can choose where to invest the money in the account.

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Contributions are first made to the in-state 529 plan to take maximum advantage of the state tax benefit, and any remaining money is contributed to the out-of-state 529 plan. You would not want the college to view the 529 money the same way it views a scholarship and reduce your child’s financial-aid package. Check with the college first and confirm its policy with respect to funds received directly from a 529 plan. You always have the option to request the distribution be made payable to you or your student. It then becomes your responsibility to pay the college. If you withdraw the 529 money in December for a tuition bill that isn’t paid until January, you risk not having enough QHEE during the year of 529 withdrawal.

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Many states, such as Ohio, let residents deduct their 529 contributions to the state’s plans even if they are not the account owner. If your niece’s parents don’t have an account for her in your state, you can open one for her yourself. There’s no limit to the number of 529 accounts that people can have for one student, and the accounts don’t need to be in the state where the student lives. For example, if the total of your qualified educational expenses is $10,000, and you receive a scholarship of $2,000, your amount of your adjusted expenses is $8,000. If Box 1 of your 1099-Q shows $8,000 or less, the amount of your 529 distribution is tax-free, and you do not have to report the distribution as income on your tax return. This all varies based on your tax situation. It could be as low as $0, or could be well over $100 if you own a business and have to file multiple state tax returns.

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